Which Agreement Solved The Disagreement Over Whether Slaves

Many settlers, even slavers, hated slavery. Jefferson called it a “hidden spot” on America. George Washington, who owned hundreds of slaves, called it “disgusting.” James Mason, a slave owner from Virginia, denounced him as “bad.” The three-fifths compromise is an agreement that resolved disagreement over whether slaves should be counted for representation An agreement that was added to the Constitution and that each slave person would count for three-fifths of a white person for representation in the House of Representatives. There was a dispute over the legislative branch. States with large populations wanted representation in both houses of the legislature to be based on population. Low-density states wanted each state to have the same number of representatives as the statutes of confederation. This argument lasted two months. In the end, delegates approved the “big compromise.” One branch, the House of Representatives, would depend on the population. The other, the Senate, would have two members from each state. Since the new government had little power to implement its legislation or impose taxes, it proved ineffective.

In May 1787, 55 delegates from 12 states met in Philadelphia. (Rhode Island refused to send a delegation) Their aim was to revise the statutes of confederation. In secret meetings, they quickly changed their target. They would draft a new constitution. The new government`s plan was soon approved. There would be three branches: the executive, justice and two-piece legislation. These compromises on slavery had a serious impact on the nation. The volatile slave clause (imposed by the laws passed in 1793 and 1850) allowed escaped slaves to be hunted and captured in the North. It also led to the illegal abduction and return of thousands of free blacks to slavery. The three-fifths compromise increased the Southern`s representation in Congress and the Electoral College. 12 of the first 16 presidential elections were won by a southern slave.

The expansion of the slave trade after 1800 brought many slaves to America. South Carolina alone imported 40,000 slaves between 1803 and 1808 (when Congress voted overwhelmingly in favour of a cessation of trade). So many slaves entered that slavery invaded the Louisiana area and took root. The agreement that resolved disagreements over whether slaves should be counted for representation was the three-fifths compromise. This compromise was reached in 1787 between the south and the north.

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